Countries on the list are arranged in alphabetical order. The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the currency of the Eurozone. Europe is the second-smallest continent.Only Oceania has less landmass. Try to guess all of them in "Countries of Europe" map quiz game. This is a place where dozens of languages and nations are stitched together by shared values – and even a shared parliament. Political map of Europe. Below you can find a list and a map with the current 50 sovereign states of this continent (2020). Like other European regions, however, the exact definitions of this region also vary. In exacting geographic definitions, Europe is really not a continent, but part of the peninsula of Eurasia which includes all of Europe and Asia. These natural features separate Eastern Europe from Asia. A century ago at the beginning of the First World War, the maps of Europe, Asia and Africa looked much different than they do today. This volume of bilingual essays from renowned European scholars outlines the transformation of Europe’s boundaries from the fall of the ancient world to the age of decolonization, or the end of the explicit endeavor to “Europeanize” the world. 2000x1500 / 749 Kb Go to Map. Also interesting facts about Europe are waiting for you at the bottom of a page. 3.3 - Climate. In 1951 European Union has been established as the European Coal and Steel Community with 6 countries. Vatican CitySouthern Europe is often synonymous with Mediterranean Europe and includes 16 nations within its boundaries. ", "The Global Religious Landscape: Muslims", "Replacement Migration: Is it a solution for Russia? Other countries that might change the face of Europe in the near future are countries like Hungary and Poland. The Ural River forms the southeast border. However, this system of division of Europe is not the only official division that is made. However, the region does have some physical boundaries. This coastline is much warmer than it would otherwise be due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream, the ocean current which originates in the Gulf of Mexico and joins the North Atlantic Drift to carry warmth to Europe’s shores. Other contemporary definitions like the one by the CIA World Factbook include the Baltic States in Eastern Europe. 2500x1342 / 611 Kb Go to Map. The map shows European Union member states and new member states of the European Union since 2004, 2007, and 2013 (in yellow/orange), and member states of European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (in green). Description: This map shows governmental boundaries, countries and their capitals in Europe. The southeast boundary with Asia is not universally defined, but the modern … The Arctic Ocean defines Europe’s continental boundary on the north. Gibraltar 6. A boundary is a real or imaginary line that separates two things. Note: This includes all states recognized by the UN, and ends at the geographic boundaries of the Ural mountains and the Black Sea. Southern Europe is often synonymous with Mediterranean Europe and includes 16 nations within its boundaries. The boundaries of the European Realm are generally recognized by their geographical borders as the peninsula of Europe has three solid boundaries of water. It abuts Asia in the east, shares the Atlantic with the Americas, and the Mediterranean with Africa and the Middle East. In McKitterick, Rosamund. And even today, the continent’s influence extends far beyond its geographical boundaries, shown here in our map of Europe. Thomas E. Woods and Antonio Canizares, 2012, "How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization," Reprint edn., Washington, DC: Regnery History, single federation encompassing much of the continent, Boundaries between the continents of Earth, states which straddle the border between Europe and Asia, England tried unsuccessfully to invade Spain, German-speakers from all over Eastern Europe, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe, Area and population of European countries, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, List of sovereign states in Europe by GDP (nominal), List of sovereign states in Europe by GDP (PPP), Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, List of sovereign states by date of formation, Names of European cities in different languages, List of European cities by population within city limits, Largest urban areas of the European Union, Financial and social rankings of European countries, List of European countries by GDP (nominal), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "The European unionâa federation or a confederation? Tudor Cornwall: portrait of a society. The first, courtesy of the BBC, dates from 2005 and covers the years between 1900 and 1994. According to the UN Geoscheme for Europe, seventeen states are part of Northern Europe. Notes: Some of these countries are also considered part of Asia.Their names are given in italics and only their European area is given.. Not all states within the geographical region are part of the European Union, although member states are in the majority.Non-member states are marked with an asterisk (*). To the west is the Atlantic Ocean, and countries such as Portugal and Ireland. Physiographically, it is the northwestern peninsula of the larger landmass known as Eurasia (or the larger Afro-Eurasia); Asia occupies the eastern bulk of this continuous landmass and all share a common continental shelf.Europe's eastern frontier is delineated by the Ural Mountains in Russia. Europe is a continent apparently distinct and precise on its western boundaries, but less well-defined in the east (see Map 3.1). Montenegro 11. Europe is a continent apparently distinct and precise on its western boundaries, but less well-defined in the east (see Map 3.1). We do try to provide at least 2 updated maps every year. Northern Europe is the least populated, even though it includes the United Kingdom, which is the fifth most populated country in the continent. Albania 2. What Were the Main Causes of World War II? The Arctic Boundary. Kennedy, Hugh (1995). Fields are given in square Bosnia and Herzegovina 4. Society for Nautical Research., 1990. The Changing Map Of Europe’s Boundaries. What is the European Union? Spinei, Victor. The Rio Grande forms a large part of the boundary between Mexico and the United States. Finally, after the second world war, European countries came together and peace has settled in Europe. Europe is named after a princess in Greek mythology called "Europa." Europe’s boundaries have mainly been shaped by cultural, religious, and political conceptions rather than by geography. Outline blank map of Europe. To the south, lies the Mediterranean Sea. The countries here have some of the best living standards in the world and their economies are highly developed. Greece 7. Europes main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. Convergent (colliding) boundaries are shown as a black line with teeth, divergent (spreading) boundaries as solid red lines, and transform (sliding alongside) boundaries as solid black lines. The Mississippi River is the defining boundary between many of the states it winds through, including Iowa and Illinois, Arkansas and Tenne… Despite being between two continents, Asia and Europe, the largest countries in Europe are the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Turkey. These maps also include the locations of cities large and small, depending on the detail of the maps. The west side has a divergent boundary with the North American plate. The Atlantic: Can the US afford immigration? The Church in fact built Western civilization. The 2006 U.S. Geological Survey map of tectonic plates show 21 of the major plates, as well as their movements and boundaries. Europe's identity has never been primarily geographical—as late as 1958, Russian geographers extended Europe's eastern border to include the Ural Mountains—but Europe has always been more than a physical region. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. Scandinavia and the United Kingdom form the general northern boundary, along with the North Sea. The Arctic Ocean sets the North border. 8. Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe. There is great diversity between the sizes of each and we can find the small Vatican (0.44 km2 ), Monaco (0.44 km2 ), San Marino (61.2 km2 ), Liechtenstein (160 km2 ) and the Principality of Andorra (468 km2). 3750x2013 / 1,23 Mb Go to Map. Luxembourg, also located here, has what is among the highest GDP per capita in the world. The region is roughly defined as the part of Europe north of the Baltic Sea’s southern coast. The European and African mainlands are non-contiguous, and the delineation between these continents is thus merely a question of which islands are to be associated with which continent. Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south. The outermost part of Earth's structure is known as the lithosphere. European Union countries map. The countries of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia in the Caucasus mountain region are also included in some definitions of Eastern Europe. Andorra 3. The map of Europe above has all the countries marked with borders and all major bodies of water such as the North Sea. In the west, Europe’s boundary is defined by the Atlantic Ocean, with which the Irish, North, Baltic, Mediterranean, and Black Seas are all connected. The nations are mentioned in the list below. Most of Southern Europe experiences a Mediterranean climate. Christianity is the religion of the majority in Southern Europe. Countries on the list are arranged in alphabetical order. Ever since the Greeks, its name has referred to an ideal entity. The Romanians and the Turkic Nomads North of the Danube Delta from the Tenth to the Mid-Thirteenth Century, Brill, 2009. 1245x1012 / … The European continent, bordered by numerous bodies of water, is separated from Asia by Russia's Ural Mountains and by the Caspian and Black Seas. Though the term Western Europe is commonly used, there is no consensus on which countries comprise it. Map of Europe with countries and capitals. ", UN predicts huge migration to rich countries, Rich world needs more foreign workers: report, "Europe: Population and Migration in 2005", EU27 Member States granted citizenship to 696 000 persons in 2008, "Migration and migrant population statistics", "A pena do degredo nas OrdenaÃ§Ãµes do Reino", "Ensaio sobre a imigraÃ§Ã£o portuguesa e os padrÃµes de miscigenaÃ§Ã£o no Brasil", "The Columbian Mosaic in Colonial America", "Work in progress: Indirect passage from Europe Transmigration via the UK, 1836â1914", Language facts â European day of languages, "Istanbul one of four anchor megacities of Europe: Research", "Major Agglomerations of the World - Population Statistics and Maps", "Regional Distribution of Christians: Christianity in Europe", accessed 8 December 2014. p. 1: "Western civilization owes far more to Catholic Church than most people â Catholic included â often realize. The map of Europe above has all the countries marked with borders and all major bodies of water such as the North Sea. C. Scribner, p. 400, "One decisive action might have forced Philip II to the negotiating table and avoided fourteen years of continuing warfare. List of International Boundary Lines PDF covers the list of important boundary lines of the India and World. The landforms that create the boundary between Europe and Asia include the Bosporus, Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains and Ural River. Spain 16. This Boundary lines list is very important for Competitive exams as we can see from the SBI Clerk Previous solved papers. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on July 27 2018 in Politics. Video taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the ISS on a pass over Western Europe in 2011. Physiographically, it occupies the northwestern part of the large landmass known as Eurasia and surrounded from the north by the Arctic Ocean, from the west by the Atlantic Ocean, from the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and from the southeast by the Black Sea. A typical example of a political map would be one showing the 50 U.S. states and their borders along with the United States' international borders. Capital cities are marked for all countries and some other major cities have been marked also. This is a list of countries and territories by maritime boundaries with other countries and territories. This plate is sandwiched between the North American and African Plate on the north and west sides. And even today, the continent’s influence extends far beyond its geographical boundaries, shown here in our map of Europe. Most of Southern Europe experiences a Mediterranean climate. "The Muslims in Europe". Political map of Europe. Understanding The Relationship Between Hong Kong And China, Presidents Who Did The Most To Improve Black Rights. The lithosphere consists of the crust and small portion of the upper mantle. 3.4 - Biogeography. Physiographically, it is the northwestern peninsula of the larger landmass known as Eurasia; Asia occupies the eastern bulk of this continuous landmass and all share a common continental shelf. Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and Asia to the east. Eastern Europe is not an easily defined region. Obviously the physical Europe map itself will not change at all. Europe is an interesting place to learn. Some data refers to IMF staff estimates but some are actual figures for the year 2017, made in 12 April 2017. About Eurostat > Who we are > Policies > Our partners > Opportunities ; Help > User support > Media support, Fact checking Both the Romance and the Germanic languages are spoken here. Europe is the 6th largest continent, comprising 4,000,000 sq mi (10,360,000 sq km) including adjacent islands (1992 est. These divisions put European countries in one of four groups: Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Northern, and Southern Europe. Europe is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mediterranean Sea to the south, and Asia to the east. > All publications > Digital publications > Statistical books > Manuals and guidelines > Statistical working papers > Statistical reports > Leaflets and other brochures > Statistics Explained > News releases > How to order? The myth says that Zeus kidnapped Europa and took her to Crete, where she became the mother of King Minos (from whom Europe’s first civilization gets its name, the Minoans).. On the eastern border of Europe are the Ural … The southern parts have more mountainous and the north has the terrain descends from the high Alps, Carpathians, and Pyrenees, through hilly highlands, into expansive, low northern fields, which are immeasurable in the east. Instead the King was able to use the brief respite to rebuild his naval forces and by the end of 1589 Spain once again had an Atlantic fleet strong enough to escort the American treasure ships home." It includes ten sovereign nations. We do try to provide at least 2 updated maps every year. Like other European regions, however, the exact definitions of this region also vary. The boundaries of the European Realm are generally recognized by their geographical borders as the peninsula of Europe has three solid boundaries of water. 3750x2013 / 1,23 Mb Go to Map. There is also a Youtube video you can use for memorization! How Is The Border Between Europe And Asia Defined? Europe is bordered by water on three sides. Europe's continental union is probably most famous to outsiders for its euro currency and Schengen free travel area.But it's actually much more than that. Actually, it takes two map visualisations. As Northern Europe encompasses a vast area, the climate, relief, and vegetation of the region vary widely. Western Europe’s religious landscape is dominated primarily by Protestantism and Catholicism whereas, as mentioned previously, Eastern Europe’s Eastern Orthodox churches dominate the religious scene in the region. Europe time zones map. The continent is bordered in the North by the Arctic Ocean. There are many different types of boundaries. Ï ÎºÎ±á½¶ ÏÎ¿á¿¦ Î£Î±ÏÎ¼Î±ÏÎ¹ÎºÎ¿á¿¦ á½¨ÎºÎµÎ±Î½Î¿á¿¦ á¼Ïá½¶ Ïá¿Ï Î´Î¹Î±Î²Î¬ÏÎµÏÏ ÏÎ¿á¿¦ Î¤Î±Î½Î¬ÏÎ´Î¿Ï ÏÎ¿ÏÎ±Î¼Î¿á¿¦. I hope you find the information interesting. Map of Europe with countries and capitals. Europe's eastern frontier is delineated by the Ural Mountains in Russia. 512,000,000).It is actually a vast peninsula of the great Eurasian land mass. General map of the European countries with capitals and major cities. The European continent is separated from Asia by the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. While Roman Catholicism dominates the religious scene in the western part of Southern Europe, Greek Orthodoxy is more popular in the eastern part of the region. This important boundary lines list also covers boundaries of india with neighbouring countries. They point to the Akkadian word erebu , meaning “sunset,” and reason that, from the Mesopotamian perspective, the western-setting sun descended on Europe. The climate in this region varies widely from subtropical to polar in the high mountains of the Alps and the Pyrenees. We have the 10 smallest countries of Europe marked to the largest country in Europe. Eastern Europe’s religious landscape is dominated by the Eastern Orthodox faith. However, it's still widely referred to as an individual continent.. Which Countries Were First To Elect Women Leaders? After all, the UK ("Britain"), which left the EU in 2020, was never part of the Schengen Area or euro currency zone to begin with. (Michael Adams, Trans. Western Europe, which is home to Germany, the second most populated country in Europe, is the second most populated region. If Europe is further divided into Central Europe and Southeastern Europe, the area of Eastern Europe would become smaller. The island of Cyprus is part of Asia but politically be… Self care and ideas to help you live a healthier, happier life. The long processes of history marked it off as the home of a distinctive civilization. Europe is made up of 45 countries. pop. Italian, Spanish, and Greek are the most popular languages here. Actually, it takes two map visualisations. Rivers are common boundaries between nations, states, and smaller political units such as counties. 2000x1500 / 749 Kb Go to Map. Morris, Terence Alan (1998). Outline blank map of Europe. The Geography Of Egypt: The Climate And The Natural Regions Of Egypt. Obviously the physical Europe map itself will not change at all. Having the map of Europe continent you will be easily able to get not just the names of all the countries, but will also have a sheer understanding about them. 3.1 - Extent and Boundaries. Map of A map showing country boundaries of Europe as they existed in 1888, including major cities, rivers, and landforms. 1245x1012 / 490 Kb Go to Map. 3.2 - Geography and Geology. Europe and England in the sixteenth century. Online historical atlas of Europe showing a map of the European continent and the Mediterranean basin at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000. General map of the European countries with capitals and major cities. The Southern border is shaped by the Mediterranean Sea, while the Eastern boundary is shaped by the Atlantic Ocean. The Changing Map Of Europe’s Boundaries. About Europe. 2500x1342 / 611 Kb Go to Map. We have the 10 smallest countries of Europe marked to the largest country in Europe. It is separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains in Russia and the Bosporus strait in Turkey. While the physical boundaries of the countries in Europe are not likely to change in the near future. Other narrower or broader definitions based on geography and climate also exist. Other scholars have argued that the origin for the name Europe is to be found in the Semitic Akkadian language that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia. The region’s limits to the east can be geographically defined by the presence of the Ural River, Ural Mountains, the Caucasus Range and the Caspian Sea. Europes northernmost point is the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, and it reaches as far south as the islands of Greece and Malta. Today, the Northern Europe roughly includes Fennoscandia, the Baltic plain, the Jutland peninsula, and several offshore islands including the British Isles and Iceland. Eastern Europe is the most populated region, mostly due to the inclusion of the most populated country in Europe, Russia, in this region. It has a lot of countries with great historical background. Niewyk, Donald L. and Nicosia, Francis R. Climate tables of the articles, where the precise sources can be found. The northwestern boundary is the Atlantic Ocean. Europe is one of the smaller continents on planet earth. European portions of the ocean identified by specific names include the Norwegian and Greenland Seas north of Scotland, the Barents Sea north of Scandinavia and Russia, and the Kara Sea north of … The lithosphere is divided into a number of tectonic plates. Thanks to Xios, Alan Haskayne, Lachlan Lindenmayer, William Crabb, Derpvic, Seth Reeves and all my other Patrons. Croatia 5. From Iceland to Greece and everything in between, this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time, while also being fun. ), Dublin:Four Courts Press. Capital cities are marked for all countries and some other major cities have been marked also. The south side of the Eurasian plate neighbors the Arabian, Indian and Sunda plates. These countries generally have low population densities and largely urbanized populations. European Union countries map. Europe is traditionally defined as one of seven continents. However, it is usually defined in terms of cultural, religious, and historical differences. It focuses solely on the state and national boundaries of a place. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean, and countries such as Portugal and Ireland. Republic of Macedonia 9. Origin of name. The boundary of Eastern Europe with Western Europe is less geographically defined. Europe is a unique continent, which is not surrounded by water from all directions and has an overland border with neighboring Asia. Europe is traditionally defined as one of seven continents. Europe is the western part of the continent of Eurasia, sometimes thought of as its own continent. Map is showing the countries of Central Europe with their national capitals, administrative boundaries, major cities and major airports. If you want to practice offline, download our printable maps of Europe in pdf format. The map will provide you with the well defined geographical boundaries of all the countries in Europe … All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Officially Recognized Four Regions And Nine Divisions Of The United States. Rowse, A. L. (1969). The Eurasian major plate consists of most of Europe, Russia and parts of Asia. Since World War I, there have been numerous changes in borders between nations, detailed below.For information on border changes from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to 1914, see List of national border changes from 1815 to 1914.Cases are only listed where there have been changes in borders, not necessarily including changes in ownership of a territory. In geography, boundaries separate different regions of the Earth. The map shows European Union member states and new member states of the European Union since 2004, 2007, and 2013 (in yellow/orange), and member states of European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (in green). While the physical boundaries of the countries in Europe are not likely to change in the near future. To the north is the Arctic Ocean. The map at the top of this page shows the geographic location and extent of 15 major lithospheric plates. 9.  Play media. Western Europe is one of the most prosperous regions of the globe with Germany in the region having Europe’s highest GDP. This Europe map quiz game has got you covered. 3500x1879 / 1,12 Mb Go to Map. Jose Orlandis, 1993, "A Short History of the Catholic Church," 2nd edn. ", territories lying geographically outside Europe, "Boundary of Europe and Asia along Urals", Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary, "Bones reveal Neanderthal child was eaten by a giant bird", "The genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia", Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc and the Siege of OrlÃ©ans, "Epidemics of the Past: Bubonic Plague â Infoplease.com", "Black Death blamed on man, not rats | UK news | The Observer", Science and Theology Since Copernicus: The Search for Understanding, "European History/Religious Wars in Europe", Scientific Revolution: Chronological Timeline: Copernicus to Newton. These plates move and interact with one another, driven by convectional forces within the Earth. From Iceland to Greece and everything in between, this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time, while also being fun. This is a list of European countries, by geographical area: . On the map you can click on a city or country name … San Marino 13. Portugal 12. Posted on May 1, 2013 by Gary under Journal. The border between Europe and Asia as it exists today was first defined by Philip Johan Von Strahlenberg, an explorer and a Swedish Army officer. It occupies nearly one-fifteenth of the world’s total land area. The UN Statistics Division has created the UN Geoscheme for Europe that subdivides the continent into four divisions for statistical convenience. Some major landforms of Europe include the Alps, Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Danube River and Northern European Lowlands. Several other systems dividing Europe into many parts on the basis of geography, politics, and culture also exist. Europe, second smallest of the world’s continents, composed of the westward-projecting peninsulas of Eurasia (the great landmass that it shares with Asia). Search, watch, and cook every single Tasty recipe and video ever - all in one place! Fields are given in square Europe continent hosted two of the world wars in its history. Scandinavia and the United Kingdom form the general northern boundary, along with the North Sea. Thus the history of Europe is described as a cultural area through Antiquity, Medieval and Early Modern Times with detailed history maps. ", The Columbia Gazetteer of the World Online, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia (CUBKR), Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pineâoak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Europe&oldid=991928827#Definition, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with dead external links from August 2016, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with disputed statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2016, Articles containing Belarusian-language text, Articles containing Bosnian-language text, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Macedonian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVÄ°A identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, à¤à¥à¤à¤¯à¤à¥ à¤à¥à¤à¤à¤£à¥ / GÃµychi Konknni, Ð¡Ð»Ð¾Ð²Ñ£Ð½ÑÑÐºÑ / â°â°â°â°â°¡â°â° â°â°â°, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ
ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, á¡áá¥áá ááááá (Sakartvelo), This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:52. To the south, lies the Mediterranean Sea. The following map shows the greatest extent of the Roman empire. The term often carries with it other meanings that are geopolitical in nature. Europe time zones map. The European continent, despite it has no clear geographical or geological boundary in east, is by convention 'separated' from Asia by the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caucasus Mountains, in southeast by the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea (see Map of … Malta 10. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLaiouMorisson2007 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPounds1979 (.
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