; The lives are translated from the Greek text in C.Wendel's edition of the Scholia. This 2007 text re-examines the relationship of Hellenistic poetry to Archaic poetry. Latin poetry is from its beginnings based on scholarly appreciation of the literary production of the Greeks and it was from the perspective of the literary and scholarly activity of the Hellenistic period that the Romans viewed Greek literature as a whole. View Hellenistic poetry Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Lucian's True Histories and the Wonders Beyond Thule of Antonius Diogenes. Hellenistic Poetry book. It argues that fictions of female voices in Greek literature produced in this period assume unprecedented importance. Introduction. Transactions of the American Philological Association. I, p. viii. The course will explore the conventions and characteristics of Hellenistic poetry, focusing in particular on literary innovation. Early Hellenistic Poetry, Cambridge [submitted, forthcoming] (9) “Moero of Byzantium” in M. Perale et al. Gigante, M., ‘ Nosside ’, PP 29 (1974), 22 –39, sets Nossis’ poetry in its Hellenistic context, arguing that it is inspired by contemporary realism and obeys Hellenistic norms. Pastoral poems written by Theocritus that take place in the countryside. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. B. Knox,'Euripides' in The Cambridge History of Classical Literature I: Greek Literature, P. Easterling and B. Knox (ed.s), Cambridge University Press (1985), page 316. 28 Nonnus and Prophecy: Between ‘Pagan’ and ‘Christian’ Voices . Though they are not as well-known, their works had significant influence on later poets. It is intended to inform its readers, but also, importantly, to inspire them, and to enable them to pursue their own research by introducing the primary resources and exploring the latest agenda for their study. Marincola, John, ed. Callimachus (310 – 240 BC), an intriguing Greek poet, was a scholar in Ptolemaic Alexandria. 1951. ON HELLENISTIC POETRY G. O. Hutchinson, Hellenistic Poetry , Oxford, 1988 In this book Dr Hutchinson attempts to provide an account of the principal poets writing between c. 280 and c. 240 B.C. "Plutarch's Ariadne in Chariton's Chaereas and Callirhoe". Hellenistic Poetry book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. It will tackle the interpretative problems raised by Hellenistic literary practices, and modern critical approaches to those problems. Hellenistic age - Hellenistic age - The arts: Hellenistic sculpture, often of a very high quality, is notable for its variety. This topic fits in with the increasing interest in the role of literature in ancient society in recent research, which has already been applied successfully to various aspects of Hellenistic poetry. PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). ), Fredericks, S.C.: "Lucian's True History as SF", Science Fiction Studies, Vol. Preview. Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Aristéa Papanicolaou Christensen, A. I. Sabra, "Configuring the Universe: Aporetic, Problem Solving, and Kinematic Modeling as Themes of Arabic Astronomy,". Read 3 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the Aegean Islands, and Magna Graecia (Sicily and southern Italy). (8) “Beating the Galatians: Ideologies, Analogies and Allegories in Hellenistic Literature and Art”, in A. Coşkun (ed.) 2 (2001), pp. 153–179. Ancient Greek literature is literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine Empire.The earliest surviving works of ancient Greek literature, dating back to the early Archaic period, are the two epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, set in an idealized archaic past today identified as having some relation to the Mycenaean era. Brockett, Oscar G. and Franklin J. Hildy. Ramsay, William (1867), "A. Gellius", in Smith, William. 2003. APOLLONIUS OF RHODES. Arcadia is a region in Greece but in literature, came to be known as a kind of bucolic utopia, where many pastoral poems are set. An accomplished poet and classical scholar, Barbara Hughes Fowler brings Hellenistic poetry to life for the contemporary reader. A&C Black. New Comedy. The Anecdote in Mark, the Classical World and the Rabbis: A Study of Brief Stories in the Demonax, The Mishnah, and Mark 8:27–10:45. We apologise for any inconvenience. οὗτος δὲ οὐκ ἀλλοιουμένου τοῦ στοιχείου τὴν γένεσιν ποιεῖ, ἀλλ' ἀποκρινομένων τῶν ἐναντίων διὰ τῆς αἰδίου κινήσεως. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us. https://mymodernmet.com/what-is-hellenistic-sculpture-history Among the most outstanding characteristics of Greek literature we can mention the following:. Pastoral poetry originated in the Greek Hellenistic period when the poet Theocritus wrote about rural life in the countryside. REG 110, 1997, 143-60. This ArtHearty post chronicles the features and achievements of Hellenistic art. It will tackle the interpretative problems raised by Hellenistic literary practices, and modern critical approaches to those problems. The Hellenistic period was a time of great poetic innovation and experimentation that was at the same time marked by a preoccupation with literary tradition and the relationship between the poetry of the past and of the present. Fantuzzi, Marco. Fictions of female voices of course appear within these poems in the form of character voices. All Rights Reserved. Please subscribe or login to access full text content. Evina Sistakou has made outstanding contributions to the study of Hellenistic poetry over the last two decades. Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. The Hellenistic era, so named by J. G. Droysen, begins with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE and ends in 31 BCE, when the Romans effectively took control of the Mediterranean after the battle of Actium.The term was later applied to … 281–321. They also, however, structure crucial elements of the plot and style of these poems. Hellenistic Poetry χαίρετε I'm going into my fifth semester of Greek in the fall, and the only class that fits with my schedule is a combined grad/undergrad class on Hellenistic poetry. Étude de sémantique et de chronologie.' Expressive Movement. Hallett, Judith P. (1979). Alexander’s pothos, or yearning for something unattained, was a mood that became expressed in the art. This book wishes to add to our picture of how Hellenistic poetry works by looking at it from a slightly different angle. "Apologizing for Socrates: Plato and Xenophon on Socrates' Behavior in Court." Hellenistic Poetry has enjoyed a notable re-appreciation in recent years and received ample scholarly discussion, especially focusing on its reception and innovation of Greek poetic tradition. 30 Brief Notes on the Manuscript Tradition of Nonnus’ Works. The Hellenistic period refers to the time from the death of Alexander the Great or the end of the Greek Classical Era in 323 B.C. Ecphrasis in Hellenistic Poetry. Hellenistic Art: History, Facts, and Characteristics. Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 2005 (Hellenica 17), 565-84, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFCameron2016 (. Armstrong, A. Macc. Thomas Hägg, 'The Oriental Reception of Greek Novels: A Survey with Some Preliminary Considerations', Symbolae Osloenses, 61 (1986), 99–131 (p. 106), Vian, Francis. The course will explore the conventions and characteristics of Hellenistic poetry, focusing in particular on literary innovation. Apollonius Rhodius’ The Argonautica is an epic story composed of 5,835 hexameter verses describing Jason’s quest for the Golden Fleece. An overview of the most famous ancient Greek poets, Homer, Hesiod, Sappho, Pindar and others. This broad study of the Hellenistic poets of the third century B.C. Harvard University Press (Cambridge), 1927. In: Historiae Augustae Colloquia n.s. This era was marked by a great deal of progress, particularly in the field of art. This trend lasted for nearly 200 years and culminated in what is now known as the Hellenistic period. Keywords: literary genres, Hellenistic poets, Alexandria, Greek identity. Charles Burton Gulick as Athenaeus, Vol. VIII 309, dated by its hand to the end of the third century BC, or not long after the Cologne papyrus. Characteristics of Greek literature. 25–47 (30f. Faber, Riemer. Idyll . 2, Colloquium Genevense 1991. p. 43. A Psychological Study of Dreams in Hellenistic Poetry Dimitra Karamitsou 1. In this essay I … Plato, The Symposium. 49–60, "The Doubter" by Lucian in Roger Lancelyn Green (1970). Dover (ed), Oxford University Press 1970, Intro. The Ancient Novel. Longus; Xenophon of Ephesus (2009), Henderson, Jeffery, ed., Anthia and Habrocomes (translation), Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, pp. The first characteristic of poetry that is not found in many other types of writing is the use of rhyme. Poetry tends to have three main characteristics that set it apart from other forms of writing. New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge 3rd ed. Publication Type. about Hellenistic poetry which have been most influential in modern scholar-ship—the appeal to the ordinary and the everyday, ‘Kreuzung der Gattungen’, the dominance of the miniature over the grand structures of epic, the interest in poetic and reconstructive dialect, and so forth. Apollonius wrote the Argonautica, the only epic poem to survive from Hellenistic times. Nagy ... Latin Elegy and Hellenistic Epigram: A Tale of Two Genres at Rome, edited by Alison Keith, 67–85. Translation and introduction by Walter Hamilton. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Hellenistic Poetry 2013. Diss. A remarkable echo of this practice is found in the sphragis poetry that Hellenistic poets also started to write about themselves; these too often took the form of literary epitaphs. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). Timaeus of Tauromenium. The list of the directors of the library at Alexandria was found in … Viewing In Hellenistic Poetry And Art Modes Of Viewing In Hellenistic Poetry And Art Getting the books modes of viewing in hellenistic poetry and art now is not type of challenging means. '"Mârtus" chez Nonnos de Panopolis. G. S. Kirk and J. E. Raven and M. Schofield. (eds.) Δειπνοσοφισταί [Deipnosophistaí, Sophists at Dinner], c. 3rd century (Ancient Greek) Trans. The Hellenistic era, so named by J. G. Droysen, begins with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE and ends in 31 BCE, when the Romans effectively took control of the Mediterranean after the battle of Actium. The Classical Quarterly (New Series), 35, pp 475–490. 69 & 127, J.R. Morgan. English translations of Musaeus Grammaticus'. This thesis examines female voices in Hellenistic Poetry. This volume is devoted to Hellenistic poetry in the context of the contemporary world of third century Alexandria and beyond. 29 Nonnus and Late Antique Society. Burke, Kenneth (1952). Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. Ἀλκμᾶνι ποιήσαντι ἄισματα οὐδὲν ἐς ἡδονὴν αὐτῶν ἐλυμήνατο τῶν Λακῶνων ἡ γλῶσσα ἥκιστα παρεχομένη τὸ εὔφωνον, M. Davies's "Monody, Choral Lyric, and the Tyranny of the Hand-Book" in. University of Toronto, 1992. In a city like Alexandria, where different cultures and ethnicities coexisted, Greek identity was increasingly seen as a matter of cultural and literary competence, rather than as a function of one's place of birth – ‘Greece’ was becoming a place of the mind. 60 (3: July – September): 377–396. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. "Sappho and her Social Context: Sense and Sensuality". John Wiley & Sons, 2010, 528-531. 1914. The Hellenistic poets felt the gap and tried to reconstruct a literary past from which they felt separated. Shakespeare borrowed from it for the Gloucester subplot of King Lear. This article examines Hellenistic poetry by outlining the gradual separation between literary genres and the performance contexts within which they originally developed. ... (1590-1593):- It is a romance based on the Hellenistic model of Heliodorus. Teocrito nella storia della poesia bucolica. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. to the Romans’ defeat of Cleopatra in 30 B.C., Graham Zanker makes enlightening discoveries about the assumptions and conventions of Hellenistic poets and artists and their audiences. 2003. The final chapter surveys the approaches of the Hellenistic poets to their models, and draws out the implications for views of their interrelationship, aesthetic allegiances and broader characteristics of Hellenistic poetry, such as the place of genre and genre distinctions. Vol. Buy Hellenistic Poetry: A Selection by Sider, David online on Amazon.ae at best prices. 3, No. The influence of Hellenistic Greek poetry on Roman poetry can hardly be overestimated. The course will explore the conventions and characteristics of Hellenistic poetry, focusing in particular on literary innovation. The individual commentaries, written by the leading international scholars on Hellenistic poetry, are designed to help the reader with difficult aspects of the language, as well as to provide some basic guidance to each poem’s literary significance and a brief introduction to the relevant scholarship. Please note, due to essential maintenance online purchasing will be unavailable between 08:00 and 12:00 (BST) on 24th February 2019. 133, No. p. 88. Atti del convegno nazionale Milazzo 7-8 novembre 1998. The Hellenistic writers produced some captivating poetry. PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). Renaissance Poetry Characteristics - Renaissance Poetry did not completely break from medieval history and values. A caveat is necessary. The final chapter surveys the approaches of the Hellenistic poets to their models, and draws out the implications for views of their interrelationship, aesthetic allegiances and broader characteristics of Hellenistic poetry, such as the place of genre and genre distinctions. Hellenistic art is the art of the Hellenistic period generally taken to begin with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and end with the conquest of the Greek world by the Romans, a process well underway by 146 BCE, when the Greek mainland was taken, and essentially ending in 30 BCE with the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt following the Battle of Actium. Most famously, of course, Callimachus presents the Aitia as a Theogony for the modern day through the opening reworking of Hesiod's meeting with the Muses on Mt Helicon (frr. "Timon of Athens - A Legendary Figure? Galatian Victories and Other Studies into the Agency and … Berkeley: University of California Press. Hellenistic art is the art of the Hellenistic period generally taken to begin with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and end with the conquest of the Greek world by the Romans, a process well underway by 146 BCE, when the Greek mainland was taken, and essentially ending in 30 BCE with the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt following the Battle of Actium. Reprinted in: L'Épopée posthomérique. The Hellenistic Greek Poetry collection contains the works of some of the most prominent writers of the second and third centuries BC—dramatic epics and tragedies, as well as hymns and poems about love, hardship, and everyday life. Most recently, Giangrande (n.15 above), 220–25 reads AP 5.170 as a manipulation of the conventions of Hellenistic poetry. Accessed 13 Aug 2014. Genre/Form: Electronic books Criticism, interpretation, etc: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Hutchinson, G.O. provides a much-needed picture of the poetry of the period while demonstrating its quality and vitality. The "early dating of P.Oxy 3836 holds, Achilles Tatius' novel must have been written 'nearer 120 than 150'" Albert Henrichs, Culture In Pieces: Essays on Ancient Texts in Honour of Peter Parsons, eds. Poems 1 and 2, removed from the context of their pre-Hellenistic source, do not provide us with any information about the transmission of Sappho’s poetry before the work of the great Alexandrian editors, since we do not know whether they were extracted from the older manuscript separately or together. An overview of the most famous ancient Greek poets, Homer, Hesiod, Sappho, Pindar and others. Skip to main content Accesibility Help. Alexander Sens is Joseph Durkin SJ Professor of Classics at Georgetown University. The term was later applied to the cultural output of the age by Wilamowitz. Introduction to the epic and lyric poetry in ancient Greece. Hesiod's importance for the poetry of the third-century bc is a familiar fact of literary history. page X. Danzig, Gabriel. Penguin Classics. Following are the main poets who framed the spirit of Renaissance Poetry. 117 (3): 473–484. Preliminary Remarks 1.1. The Greek Novel: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide Oxford University Press, 2010, p. 7. "Form and Persecution in the Oresteia". The Sewanee Review. A caveat is necessary. Students may also be expected to read more poetry of this period in English. DAI-A 54.5, 1992/93, 1788. Greg Grewell: "Colonizing the Universe: Science Fictions Then, Now, and in the (Imagined) Future", Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature, Vol. 26 Christian Themes in the Dionysiaca. ", destruction of the Mycenaean palaces in the twelfth century BC, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, "Chapter Ten: Universal History and Cultural Geography of the, "The Greek Dactylic Hexameter: A Practical Reading Approach", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Plato's 'Republic' Still Influential, Author Says, "Great Philosophers: Aristotle (384-322 BCE)", "X-Ray Fluorescence Imaging of the Archimedes Palimpsest: A Technical Summary", "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 39, chapter 35", "Ptolemy | Accomplishments, Biography, & Facts", "Origen of Alexandria (entry in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)", "Sarah Danius, The Senses of Modernism: Technology, Perception, and Aesthetics", "Ulysses, Modernism's Most Sociable Masterpiece", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Greek_literature&oldid=991940664#Hellenistic_poetry, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the DGRBM, Wikipedia articles incorporating the template Lives of the Eminent Philosophers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 17:02. 25 Nonnus and the Novel. 1.41–5, 2 Pf. You could not on your own going in the same way as book buildup or library or borrowing from your contacts to right of entry them. Hellenistic Culture a term that is used chronologically to refer to the culture of the Hellenistic age and typologically to refer to the culture that resulted from the interaction of Greek (Hellenic) and local elements. Guy Hedreen, "The Cult of Achilles in the Euxine", J. P. Barron and P. E. Easterling, 'Elegy and Iambus', in. 1 (March 1976), pp. Edmund P. Cueva (Fall 1996). We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our … You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Aristophanes: Clouds K.J. LOOKING FOR THE CATALOGUE. Cf. He composed works with numerous allusions to mythical lore. Introduction to the epic and lyric poetry in ancient Greece. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. © Oxford University Press, 2018. The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies is a unique collection of some seventy articles, which together explore the ways in which ancient Greece has been, is, and might be studied. Lucinda Dirven, "The Author of De Dea Syria and his Cultural Heritage", Numen 44.2 (May 1997), pp. Hellenistic poetry. ; It is made up of four stages: archaic, classical, Hellenistic and Greco-Roman. The three remaining essays represent three diverse notions of the contextualization of Hellenistic poetry. Studies in Aeschylus. It will tackle the interpretative problems raised by Hellenistic literary practices, and modern critical approaches to those problems. The one closest to the social/political core concept discussed above is Jan Kwapisz’ ” Kraters, Myrtle and Hellenistic Poetry” (195-216). His poetry was later imitated in Latin by the Roman poet Virgil, who set his pastoral poems in a fictionalized version of Arcadia. provides a much-needed picture of the poetry of the period while demonstrating its quality and vitality. This kind of careful construction of a new whole from smaller units is characteristic of Hellenistic poetry books, such as is the “new Posidippus,” P.Mil.Vogl. A. W. Mair and G. R. Mair, trans., Callimachus and Lycophron; Aratus, Loeb Classical Library (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1921), p. 363. Hellenistic Poetry (5) Flavian Poetry (3) Latin Poetry (16) Poetics (2) Republican and Augustan Poetry (10) Slavic Oral Epic Song (3) Text and Transmission (4) Epigraphy (5) Palaeography (2) Textual Criticism (3) Translation (1) Linguistics (10) Ancient Etymology and Grammar (2) Performance, Text, and the History of Criticism. This broad study of the Hellenistic poets of the third century B.C. The first chapter contains a general introduction to the period and is followed by separate chapters which are devoted to Callimachus, Apollonius Rhodius and Theocritus. Dirk Obbink, Richard Rutherford, Oxford University Press, 2011, p. 309, n. 29, "the use (albeit mid and erratic) of the Attic dialect suggest a date a little earlier [than mid-2nd century] in the same century." This article examines Hellenistic poetry by outlining the gradual separation between literary genres and the performance contexts within which they originally developed. Book Description: Taking a fresh look at the poetry and visual art of the Hellenistic age, from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. George Luck "Witches and Sorcerers in Classical Literature", p. 141, Holzberg, Niklas. West, M.L. 23 Composing the Masters: An Essay on Nonnus and Hellenistic Poetry 24 Nonnus and Imperial Greek Poetry. Students may also be expected to read more poetry of this period in English. Moeser, Marion (Dec 15, 2002). CATALEPTON 9 AND HELLENISTIC POETRY - Volume 66 Issue 1 - Boris Kayachev. Domenico Accorinti. an example of escapist Hellenistic poetry: themes of love, rustic life, erotic competition, poetic competition; the worst that can happen is heart break; creator of bucolic poetry. 27 Pagan Themes in the Paraphrase. The Hellenistic poets felt the gap and tried to reconstruct a literary past from which they felt separated. Stuttgart, 1990. Hellenistic Poetry And Art Modes Of Viewing In Hellenistic Poetry And Art As recognized, adventure as without difficulty as experience virtually lesson, amusement, as capably as contract can be gotten by just checking out a books modes of viewing in hellenistic poetry and art next it is not directly done, you could understand even more concerning this life, almost the world. Classic Characteristics. ‘Imitazione teocritea e innovazioni nella poesia “bucolica” post-teocritea.’ In: Giuseppe Ramires (ed.). Ἀθήναιος [Athenaeus]. 2, pp. The aim of this module is to introduce some of the key features of Hellenistic poetry while also giving a sense of its diversity. The individual commentaries, written by the leading international scholars on Hellenistic poetry, are designed to help the reader with difficult aspects of the language, as well as to provide some basic guidance to each poem’s literary significance and a brief introduction to the relevant scholarship. American Journal of Philology. The Hellenistic Period witnessed the glory and power of the Greek Empire reaching its zenith. Ed. Brown, Truesdell S. (1958). 55, No. Most recently, Giangrande (n.15 above), 220–25 reads AP 5.170 as a manipulation of the conventions of Hellenistic poetry. It originates in Greece 300 years before Christ. 1995. p. 78. The locus classicus for the sense of epyllion as a hexametric mythological poem that is not only comparatively short, but also imbued to some extent with the characteristics of Hellenistic poetry is Moritz Haupt's 1855 study of Catullus 64, but it is likely that Haupt was using a term that had in the preceding decades become common to discussions of the shorter narrative poems of the Alexandrians. In this article I discuss two recent studies of Hellenistic poetry by placing them in a brief historical overview of trends in Hellenistic scholarship. ; The poetic genre can be divided into two:; Epic poetry (used to narrate epics and tales of wars or heroic adventures) Offering unparalleled scope, A Companion to Hellenistic Literature in 30 newly commissioned essays explores the social and intellectual contexts of literature production in the Hellenistic period, and examines the relationship between Hellenistic and earlier literature. recent research, Hellenistic poetry and art were able to represent children in a lifelike, "realistic" fashion for the first time in Greek history.3 The series of "inventions of childhood" distributed over a long stretch of time indicates that these notions of childhood are not to be confused with the authentic experience of childhood by real children in any given historical circumstance. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the Aegean Islands, and Magna Graecia (Sicily and southern Recueil d'études. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). characteristics of the works and personality of these poets, items that were regarded as reflections of each other. In order to achieve this lifelike aesthetic, Hellenistic sculptors skillfully incorporated three characteristics into their work: expressive movement, realistic anatomy, and ornate details. AAT NN78721. Gigante, M., ‘ Nosside ’, PP 29 (1974), 22 –39, sets Nossis’ poetry in its Hellenistic context, arguing that it is inspired by contemporary realism and obeys Hellenistic norms. Bowersock, Glanwill W. The Aethiopica of Heliodorus and the Historia Augusta. Her selections engage us with the full range of Hellenistic poetic genres, styles, themes, and moods. A companion to Greek and Roman historiography. 3–4 Massimilla = frr.
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